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TC has focused on the one understanding and three cans training in response to policy

  • Categories:Company news
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  • Time of issue:2020-03-20 09:07
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(Summary description)

TC has focused on the one understanding and three cans training in response to policy

(Summary description)

  • Categories:Company news
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2020-03-20 09:07
  • Views:
Information

Recently, the Fire Rescue Bureau of the Emergency Management Department has further deployed to require local fire rescue agencies to to take targeted measures to strictly control fires, better serve enterprises to resume work and production, and fully safeguard the overall situation of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development. To guide enterprises to carry out a comprehensive fire safety training for all employees focusing on “one understanding and three knowings” to improve self-defense and self-rescue capabilities of employees.

The so-called “one understanding and three knowings” of which “one understanding”refers to knowing the hazards of fire in everyone’s place and “three knowings”refers to knowing how to call the fire brigade, knowing how to put out fire and knowing how to escape.

Two main points of fire hazard

How does fire kill people?

According to statistics, about 75% of the people killed in the fire died from inhaling toxic gases. Materials like textiles, polyacrylonitrile nylon, wood, silk fabrics, pvc insulation materials, sulfur-containing compounds, and other articles will produce toxic gases and will cause death in a short time.

Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide are the two main products of combustion produced by burning. Although CO2 is nontoxic, but when it reaches a certain concentration, it will stimulate people’s respiratory center, causing shortness of breath, increased smoke inhalation, and also causing headache, unconsciousness and other symptoms. However, CO2 is only one of the main combustion products of fire, which can hinder the transmission of oxygen in human blood, causing headache, collapse, unconsciousness and muscle regulation disorders.

Fire spread

In case of fire, the thermal energy is transmitted through heat conduction, heat convection and heat radiation, which will affect the spread and expansion of the fire. During this period of time, the smoke in the building flows horizontally and vertically. The main ways of spreading are: interior wall doors, openings, room partition walls, hollow structure, stuffy roofs, stairwells, carious pipelines, holes in floor, pipelines and crevices passing through floors and next door, etc.

Knowing how to call the fire brigade

“knowing how to call the police” refers to calling 119 fire alarm to the local fire protection department, using manual call point to call the fire brigade. At the same time, learning to use all resources around to remind people around, shouting to alarm, using special telephone, internal telephone line, control center telephone to alarm, etc.

Knowing how to put out fire

At the beginning of fire, master the basic methods of cooling, isolation, suffocation and suppression. However, it should be noted that in order to put out fire, you should cut off the power supply first, but sometimes in order to race against time, the extinguisher can be used with electricity at the initial stage of fire, but the power supply must be cut off when shooting water at fire.

Not all fires can be put out by oneself. At this point of time, we should learn to control the spread of fire, such as closing doors, landing fire shutter, transferring combustible materials to control smoke spreading. It is not only to buy time for self rescue, but also to create conditions for fire brigade to extinguish fires.

Knowing how to escape

Pay attention to the location of safety exit. In case of fire, you can evacuate from the nearest safety exit. When escaping, you should go straight to the passageway and do not enter the elevator to prevent being trapped in the elevator. When there is no way to escape, you should cry out for help in time so as to quickly escape from the predicament.

Recently, the domestic situation of preventing and controlling the coronavirus has continued to improve. The order of production and life has accelerated to restore. Enterprises have expanded to resume work and production. The flow of people and logistics has become increasingly busy. Learning “one understanding and three knowings” will not only protect one’s own life at critical moments, but also make significant contributions to families, factories and companies, and even the whole society.

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